TARGET Services (T2)
Addressing payments: T2 with CBPR+ leg (Addressable BIC)
In this article, I am going to continue the topic of addressing T2 payments.
This time, however, I would like to add CBPR+ leg to the equation.
The scenario described in this article is based on the examples published on the ECB website:
Today I will analyze a payment to “Addressable BIC”, which from a technical perspective behaves as an Indirect participant.
This is presented in the “Scenario A Addressable BIC” sheet of the above Excel file.
The data shown below are taken from the ECB example.
What I tried to do is only to present them in a different way.
The scenario is as follows:
Deutsche Bank, as an intermediary agent, receives a pacs.009 via CBPR+ from SOGEFRPP on behalf of SOGEFRPPLYP in favor of Commerzbank Madrid for further credit to Commerzbank Barcelona COBAESMXBAR.
Let’s have a look at the diagram illustrating this payment chain:
As we can see after having received CBPR+ pacs.009 Deutsche Bank forwards it further via T2.
What can we say about this scenario?
(1) It’s always good to look first at the 4 static roles in the payment chain.
Here we have:
SOGEFRPPXXX – Debtor Agent who holds the account for SOGEFRPPLYP – Debtor.
SOGEFRPPXXX sends pacs.009 on behalf of the SOGEFRPPLYP.
On the other hand, COBAESMXXXX – Creditor Agent holds the account for COBAESMXBAR – Creditor.
This payment chain is about SOGEFRPPXXX reaching COBAESMXXXX.
How SOGEFRPPXXX will reach COBAESMXXXX?
(2) Firstly, SOGEFRPPXXX sends CBPR+ pacs.009 to DEUTDEFFXXX.
From the ECB example, we do not know why SOGEFRPPXXX sent CBPR+ pacs.009 to DEUTDEFFXXX.
I will come back to this question in the second part of the article.
For now, let’s assume that there is a business justification for SOGEFRPPXXX to address DEUTDEFFXXX in the first place.
What addressing information does SOGEFRPPXXX include in this CBPR+ pacs.009?
We can see that COBADEFFXXX is depicted as Intermediary Agent 1, which means that COBAESMXXXX will be reached via COBADEFFXXX.
Why is that?
Well, this reflects the addressing rules included in the RTGS Directory which will be followed in the T2 leg of this payment chain.
(3) This is the extract from RTGS Directory, ECB attached with this scenario:
Note: COBAESMXBAR is not in the RTGS Directory
As we can see, COBAESMXXXX is registered as “Addressable BIC” in RTGS Directory.
This means it cannot be reached directly in T2, because “Addressable BIC” CANNOT send and receive payments directly.
“Addressable BIC” is like an Indirect participant.
This direct participant for COBAESMXXXX is COBADEFFXXX, and as a result in the T2 payment leg:
- COBADEFFXXX (Addressee BIC in RTGS Directory) will be present in BAH/To element.
- COBADEFFXXX (Account BIC in RTGS Directory) will also be present in Instructed Agent element.
What we can’t see in the ECB example is the 3rd payment leg of this transaction.
I think it would be interesting to see what this pacs.009 would look like.
Next payment leg
We are in the moment where COBADEFFXXX as a Direct participant receives the pacs.009 via T2 from DEUTDEFFXXX.
In the next payment leg COBADEFFXXX sends the CBPR+ pacs.009 to COBAESMXXXX.
Let’s add this message to our diagram:
What can we see in this payment leg?
(1) First of all, the 4 static roles remain unchanged: Debtor, Debtor Agent, Creditor Agent, and Creditor.
(2) This pacs.009 is from COBADEFFXXX to COBAESMXXXX.
So, COBADEFFXXX is both in the BAH/From and Instructing Agent elements.
COBAESMXXXX is in both BAH/To and Instructed Agent elements.
(3) DEUTDEFFXXX is depicted in the message as Previous Instructing Agent 1.
Ok, earlier in the article I mentioned that I would come back to the role of the DEUTDEFFXXX in this payment chain.
Of course, there may be some business reasons for SOGEFRPPXXX to address the first message to DEUTDEFFXXX.
However, based on the excerpt from the RTGS Directory we have, can we think of another, alternative flow for this payment?
Let’s imagine that SOGEFRPPLYP instructs SOGEFRPPXXX to make an EUR payment to COBAESMXBAR’s account held at COBAESMXXXX.
This is the only routing information SOGEFRPPXXX gets.
When we translate this information into the message elements we get:
- COBAESMXXXX is the Creditor Agent and
- COBAESMXBAR is the Creditor.
SOGEFRPPXXX knows that the agent it has to reach is COBAESMXXXX.
What does SOGEFRPPXXX do?
Bacause this is an EUR payment, and SOGEFRPPXXX is a Direct T2 participant it checks whether COBAESMXXXX is reachable via T2.
Let’s remind ourselves of the RTGS Directory:
SOGEFRPPXXX looks for a BIC COBAESMXXXX in the first column of RTGS Directory.
It finds this BIC, meaning COBAESMXXXX can be addressed in T2.
Additionally, SOGEFRPPXXX knows from the RTGS Directory, what BICs should be populated in the BAH/To and Instructed Agent elements:
Based on the RTGS Directory, this is the pacs.009 SOGEFRPPXXX sends via T2 together with the next CBPR+ payment leg:
(1) As we can see, since SOGEFRPPXXX is a Direct participant it can directly send a payment message to any other Bank reachable via T2.
In this alternative example, DEUTDEFFXXX does not appear in the payment chain.
(2) Because COBAESMXXXX is an “Addressable BIC” in T2 and is reachable via a COBADEFFXXX, COBADEFFXXX appears in both BAH/To and Instructed Agent elements.
(3) The 4 main static roles remain unchanged in comparison to the previously discussed ECB example:
Debtor – SOGEFRPPLYP
Debtor Agent – SOGEFRPPXXX
Creditor Agent – COBAESMXXXX
Creditor – COBAESMXBAR
(4) Having received the T2 payment from SOGEFRPPXXX, COBADEFFXXX learns from the message that the next agent to be reached is COBAESMXXXX (Creditor Agent).
(5) COBADEFFXXX sends CBPR+ pacs.009 to COBAESMXXXX.
This brings us to the end of this article.
In the next one, I will also explore the T2 and CBPR+ payment legs, however in the context of the “Multi-addressee” participant.